Of the 25 epistles in the New Testament, 5 were written to
Jewish believers dealing with their specific needs and issues in mind. There are things in the epistles applicable
to all believers, but some are true only to Jewish believers. The epistles are Hebrews, James, I & II
Peter, and Jude.
The first century Messianic Jewish Community was faced with
two major problems—persecution and false doctrine.
To deal with the first problem of persecution, Hebrews, James
and I Peter were written. Persecution
took place both within the Land of Israel
and during the Jewish believers of the Diaspora. (Diaspora being a technical term for Jews
living outside the Land of Israel—e.g.
James 1:1; I Peter 1:1). The book of
Hebrews was written from within the Diaspora in order to deal with the
persecution of Jewish believers in the Land
of Israel. The epistles of James and I Peter were
written in order to deal with the persecution of Jewish believers in the
Diaspora. James was written from within
the Land of Israel,
and I Peter written from within the Diaspora itself.
To deal with the second problem of false doctrine, two other
epistles were written: II Peter and Jude.
Second Peter was written from one part of the Diaspora to Jewish
believers in another part of the Diaspora.
Jude was written from within the Land
of Israel to Jewish believers in
Hardcover, 478 pages